The origins of Freemasonry are obscure. The creation of the Craft (as it can be also called) occurred after a while involving the very first recorded gentleman joining an Edinburgh stonemasons’ lodge in 1599 along with the 1721 publication in London of The Constitutions from the Cost-free-Masons by Scots Presbyterian minister James Anderson.1
Freemasonry is fundamentally a self-advancement, volunteer association that teaches ethical, intellectual, and spiritual classes by means of three initiation ceremonies. Freemasonry’s a few diploma are modeled following a craftsman’s development: Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Grasp Mason. Freemasonry was, and stays, open up to all Males of fine name who profess a perception in Deity (referred to in lodge as The Supreme Architect from the Universe). Because of the 1750s many different Christian and non-Christians, European, and non-European Gentlemen, and some Gals, have been users two master mason aprons for sale.
Freemasonry grew preferred inside of cities as political, professional, and intellectual elites gathered inside of a lodge. With aristocratic, and later royal patronage, Freemasonry evolved in to the preeminent fraternal Corporation from the eighteenth century. The earliest information of yank Masonic lodges are in Philadelphia. In 1732, Boston’s St. John’s Lodge was duly constituted by the Grand Lodge of England and remains the oldest lodge in North America. Interwoven Along with the British Enlightenment, Masonic lodges formed throughout Europe along with the Americas. The network of Scots, English, and Irish Lodge assisted knit the British industrial empire together.3
While American elites in the beginning joined the Freemasons to help keep tempo with genteel English actions, the fraternity contributed into the distribute in the Tips and beliefs behind the American Revolution. Over the innovative period, Masons of Observe provided George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Otis, and Paul Revere. When unique Freemasons actively participated inside the American Revolution, Freemasonry, as an institution and also its community lodges, remained politically neutral.4
Washington joined Freemasonry while in the Lodge at Fredericksburg, Virginia. He was 20 years old when he acquired the first diploma of Entered Apprentice on November four, 1752. He paid the lodge two lbs and 3 shillings to affix. 10 times soon after turning 21, on March 3, 1753, he was passed to the 2nd diploma of Fellowcraft. On August 4, 1753, he was raised to your third degree of Learn Mason. The lodge’s surviving moment reserve information Washington attending only two far more meetings: September one, 1753, and January four, 1755.five
A lot of Washington’s brothers while in the Fredericksburg Lodge later served in just within the Continental Army or Virginia Militia, together with Hugh Mercer, George Weedon, and Thomas Posey. Washington’s “Mom Lodge” was renamed and numbered as Fredericksburg Lodge No. four once the generation with the Grand Lodge of Virginia in 1778. It proceeds to fulfill now.six
Beginning in 1778 and through the rest of his daily life, Washington was a frequent participant in Masonic ceremonies. On June 24, 1779, for example, Washington attended American Union Lodge’s celebration of your Feast of St. John the Baptist. That lodge comprised officers and enlisted men inside the Connecticut regiments. He also visited King Solomon’s Lodge in Poughkeepsie, Ny, on December 27, 1783.seven
Once the war, in 1784, Washington accepted the invitation of his mates and neighbors to go to a June banquet at Alexandria Lodge No. 39, where he was elected an honorary member. Four a long time later he agreed to become charter grasp with the lodge when it transferred its allegiance from your Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania into the Grand Lodge of Virginia. In 1794, the lodge commissioned William Williams to paint Washington wearing Masonic regalia. Right after Washington’s death the lodge adjusted its identify to Alexandria-Washington Lodge No. 22.eight
As president, Washington exchanged letters with many master mason aprons for sale area lodges and point out grand lodges. He also achieved delegations of Freemasons for the duration of his visit to Rhode Island in 1790 and his 1791 tour on the southern states. His most important Masonic action, nonetheless, transpired on September eighteen, 1793. Acting as grand learn pro tem, he presided within the Masonic ceremonial laying of The us Capitol cornerstone.